A. Gray

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17: 220. 1882.

Etymology: Greek hecastos, each, and cleios, to shut up, alluding to one floret enclosed in each involucre
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. Treatment on page 71. Mentioned on page 12, 56, 64, 70.

Subshrubs or shrubs, 40–80(–150+) cm (usually with tufts of hairs in axils of leaves). Leaves cauline; sessile; blades linear, bases cuneate, margins entire or proximally spiny, faces tomentulose, glabrescent. Heads discoid, clustered in second-order heads (each cluster 15–25 mm diam. and subtended by ovate to orbiculate, prickly-margined bracts). Involucres (each enclosing 1 floret) cylindric to fusiform, 10 mm. Phyllaries in 2–3 series, ovate to lanceolate or linear, unequal, apices acute to cuspidate. Receptacles flat, smooth, glabrous, epaleate. Florets 1, bisexual, fertile; corollas reddish purple to greenish white, actinomorphic (lobes 5, lance-linear, glabrous); anther basal appendages slightly fimbriate, apical appendages lanceolate, acute; style branches relatively stout (0.1–0.5 mm), apices rounded (abaxial faces papillose to pilose). Cypselae ± terete (± 4 mm), not beaked, obscurely 4–5-nerved, faces glabrescent, not glandular-hairy; pappi of 6 unequal, lanceolate or multitoothed scales (sometimes ± coalescent and forming lacerate crowns). x = 8.


sw United States.


Species 1.

Selected References