Synonyms: Chamaesyce arenicola (Parish) Millspaugh C. ocelleta subsp. arenicola (Parish) Thorne Euphorbia arenicola Parish E. ocellata subsp. arenicola (Parish) Oudejans E. ocelleta var. arenicola (Parish) Jepson E. ocelleta var. kirbyi J. T. Howell
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 12. Treatment on page 279.

Stems 10–35 cm, glabrous. Leaves: stipules 0.5–1.6 mm, glabrous; petiole 0.3–1.2 mm, glabrous; blade 2.3–13 × 1.5–6 mm, apex acute, occasionally mucronate, surfaces glabrous; lateral veins frequently visible abaxially. Peduncle 0.9–2 mm. Involucre 1–1.8 × 1.3–2.4 mm, glabrous; gland appendages absent. Pistillate flowers: ovary glabrous. Capsules 1.4–2.7 × 1.9–2.6 mm, glabrous; columella 1.4–2 mm. Seeds whitish gray, ovoid, 1.1–1.6 × 0.9–1.3 mm, rugose or smooth.

Phenology: Flowering and fruiting early spring–fall.
Habitat: Sandy soils, dunes, river washes, hard clay soils, roadsides.
Elevation: 80–1000 m.


V12 352-distribution-map.jpg

Ariz., Calif., Idaho., Nev., Utah.


Plants with smooth, round seeds and larger, ovate to lanceolate (and not usually falcate) leaves have been segregated as E. ocellata subsp. arenicola. Leaf size and shape and seed surface sculpturing, however, vary considerably across the species range, and most individuals appear intermediate. Therefore a variable and more broadly defined subsp. ocellata is recognized here.

Selected References


Lower Taxa

Victor W. Steinmann +, Jeffery J. Morawetz +, Paul E. Berry +, Jess A. Peirson +  and Ya Yang +
Durand & Hilgard +
Anisophyllum +
Ariz. +, Calif. +, Idaho. +, Nev. +  and Utah. +
80–1000 m. +
Sandy soils, dunes, river washes, hard clay soils, roadsides. +
Flowering and fruiting early spring–fall. +
Pl. Heermann., +
Chamaesyce arenicola +, C. ocelleta subsp. arenicola +, Euphorbia arenicola +, E. ocellata subsp. arenicola +, E. ocelleta var. arenicola +  and E. ocelleta var. kirbyi +
Euphorbia ocellata subsp. ocellata +
Euphorbia ocellata +
subspecies +