Sisyrinchium californicum

(Ker Gawler) W. T. Aiton

in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 4: 135. 1812.

Basionym: Marica californica Ker Gawler Bot. Mag. 25: plate 983. 1807
Synonyms: Hydastylus borealis E. P. Bicknell Hydastylus brachypus E. P. Bicknell Hydastylus californicus (Ker Gawler) Salisbury Sisyrinchium boreale (E. P. Bicknell) J. K. Henry Sisyrinchium brachypus (E. P. Bicknell) J. K. Henry Sisyrinchium flavidum Kellogg Sisyrinchium lineatum Torrey
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 356. Mentioned on page 353, 357.

Herbs, perennial, cespitose, dark brown to black when dry, to 6.2 dm, not glaucous. Stems simple, 2–6.8 mm wide, glabrous, margins entire, similar in color and texture to stem body. Leaf blades glabrous, bases not persistent in fibrous tufts. Inflorescences borne singly; spathes mostly greenish, glabrous, keels entire; outer 13–53 mm, 2.2–9 mm longer than inner, tapering evenly towards apex, margins basally connate 3–8 mm; inner with keel straight to evenly curved, hyaline margins 0.5–1 mm, apex usually rounded, occasionally erose, ending 0.2–1 mm proximal to green apex. Flowers: tepals medium to bright yellow with brownish veins; outer tepals 12–18 mm, apex rounded or acute, aristate; filaments ± distinct, glabrous; ovary similar in color to foliage. Capsules dark brown to black, broadly fusiform or slightly turbinate, 6–13 mm; pedicel erect to ascending. Seeds hemispherical, with shallow depression on flattened side, 0.7–1.5 mm, rugulose. 2n = 32, 34, 36.

Phenology: Flowering spring–late summer.
Habitat: Moist areas near coast
Elevation: 0–700 m


V26 718-distribution-map.jpg

B.C., Calif., Oreg., Wash.


Selected References


Lower Taxa

... more about "Sisyrinchium californicum"
Anita F. Cholewa +  and Douglass M. Henderson† +
(Ker Gawler) W. T. Aiton +
Marica californica +
B.C. +, Calif. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
0–700 m +
Moist areas near coast +
Flowering spring–late summer. +
in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
Hydastylus borealis +, Hydastylus brachypus +, Hydastylus californicus +, Sisyrinchium boreale +, Sisyrinchium brachypus +, Sisyrinchium flavidum +  and Sisyrinchium lineatum +
Sisyrinchium californicum +
Sisyrinchium +
species +